Sunday, March 18, 2007

Review Sheet Ch 7 Streams of Civilization

We use Streams of Civilization for Pat history this year, I type up a sheet for him to fill in as he reads.

Important Dates:


Republic –



The Etruscans:


They were from:


The Etruscans were able to easily over take the people already living in the area because: ______________________________


This happened around the year: ____________


They established the cities of _____________,_____________,____________.


The city of __________was already established before they invaded.




While trading with the Greeks they received ___________, and_________________. In trade for _________,_________,__________,___________,and ___________.


Etruscans women were allowed to ____________________, and some even __________________.


Art and Religion:


At the beginning there art showed ______________________, later there art changed and showed ________________________.


They were controlled by there religions rituals and not a sense of __________, and ___________.


There three main gods were _________,________________, and _______________.


They also believed in demons one named ___________, was pictured as ____________________________.



Emergence of Rome


The Romans gained political Etruscans in _____________.


One reason for the fall of the Etruscan empire was a belief that a nation’s life span was ______ to ___________ years.


Therefore when they approached the end of that time period they gave up.


Etruscan Influence:


Some things adopted from the Etruscans by the Romans were the ___________, a man’s main garment.


They also adopted:







As far as war the Romans copied there:






The Romans also adopted the gladiator games from them. Gladiator games were –











The early Roman Republic


They had a government called a _____________.

The leaders of this government were called ______________.


Roman households were ruled by the _________, this lead to all Romans having __________for authority and also ____________.


The Roman General Assembly consisted of all __________of Rome.


While the members of the Senate were _______________.


The two consuls were chosen from this group to rule for one year to prevent anyone from gaining too much power they had to wait ____________ to be reelected.


Class Struggle:


 The rich were called ___________________and were____________________.


The other class was called ___________________, they were ________________________.




The Senate was consisted mainly those from the _____________class, so many laws and courts cases were unfair toward the _______________ class.


The Laws were eventually recorded on _______________, and placed in the _________________, all boys had to memorize them as part of there schooling.



The plebeians won the right to have there own representatives called ______________. They were allowed to stand outside the door of the Senate and if they found a law to be unjust they could yell __________.


They were able to earn these rights from the Senate due to the fact that they were needed to ________________ and the Senate wanted to keep them happy.


Some members of the plebeian class were allowed to hold _________________. But instead of fighting for there class they married the rich and class struggle continued.


Roman Expansion


The main reason the Roman fought was to protect there republic.







As they took over the ________________, _________________, and the _________________.

The conquered people were expected to pay ___________, but were allowed to keep there own ____________________.


When they proved they were loyal they were allowed to become _______________.


They only gained land in response to ________________.


The Punic Wars



They wars were between ____________and __________________.


The reason was ______________________.


The wars were called the _____________, because _____________.


The First Phase – happened in _________, over ____________.


One thing the Romans did to win was _________________


They won the cities of 1.____________




The Second Phase happed around ___________, over the country of ______________.


They main leader for the Carthaginians was _________________; he took _____________, _____________, and ____________over the _____________.


While Hannibal had won many battles against the Romans he was counting on the people of ___________ to join him. This did not happen so he roamed the countryside for ___________ doing small battles.


The Romans eventually placed a man named ____________, in charge of the army. His plan was different he _________________________.


The two of them met in battle in _________, at __________.


Carthage lost was required to do the following:




The third phase:


Happened due to the fact that the Romans felt she was still a ________. The way this war began was the Romans ___________________________________________________________. After they won they destroyed the city and plowed the fields with ____________.


The Republic Expands:


Macedonia, Mesopotamia, and Egypt


Write four things that happened.








The Romans made Egypt a protectorate, which means ___________________________.


Conquest of Greece:


The Romans took over the city of Corinth in _________BC.

And they were placed under the rule of __________________.


The Romans hired __________ to teach there children, and soon ____________,_____________,_______________,________, and _______________ were part of Roman Culture.



Two main problems the Romans had due to there growth as a republic were:









When the farmer/ soldiers returned from wars in foreign lands they found that there farmland was taken by the large landowners due to _______________. The large landowners no longer needed the farmers because they had ___________.


The middle class was dying out; there was much _______________, in the elections.


Tiberious Gracchus was the grandson of ___________. He was elected to the office of ____________, in ____________.


He passed a law limiting the amount of land a person could own the rest was to be divided among the __________.


This law as vetoed by another Tribune_________.


He had the senate ____________the tribune.


He felt that his ideas were so important that he could bend the rules. One rule that he bent was _____________________________________.


The patricians did what to stop him?







Who was elected in his place?




Two things he did during his term were?








How did he die?





The roman Army changed under the leadership of ___________. He made a ___________________.


There was one big problem with this that will affect Roman history later and it was ________________________________________________________________________________________________.


The First Civil War


The war was between the __________________ and _______________. The two leaders chosen for this ware were _____________for the Senate and _____________for the General Assembly.



In the end _________became Dictator of Rome. He was dictator for _____________which was longer then the ______the law allowed.


The Republic Comes to an End


Three men became consuls of Rome they were ____________,_____________________,and_________________.

There government started in ______________BC, was called a ___________________.









When ____________was the consul and______________was in France fighting. _______________was killed in______________. In __________BC the Senate called _____________back home. He knew that if he disbanded his army and returned he would be killed. So he crossed the ____________with his army.



Julius Caesar declared himself ________________, and ___________was killed in Egypt.


While he only ruled for 5 years he passed many good laws including:










Two groups of people joined together to kill him and on March 15 or the __________of March he was _______________.


His heir was Octavian who joined with ___________________, to defeat the ones who killed Caesar. They ruled for ____________.


_________________traveled to __________, were he fell in love with_______________________.


He and _____________, died when they _______________________.


Octavian then took the name ____________________, and was the first _____________________..

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